Animal Extinction Essay. Is It A Global Problem?

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In recent years more and more we hear about global or local environmental problems of the modern world. And one of such problems is the environmental problem of the animal world. In general, the animal world is the set of all species of wild animals (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, mollusks, and other invertebrates) that inhabit a certain area or environment and are in a state of natural liberty. The animal world is an integral element of the natural environment and Earth's biological diversity. The main ecological function of animals is participation in the biotic circulation of substances and energy. In this essay on extinction of animals I want to pay attention on such problem. If you want to know more about this issue, please ask online writers to make paper that will be filled with information that you need.

At this historic moment, however, as at past historical moments, the problems of extinction animals don’t lose its relevance. To biological diversity of the Earth has suffered irreparable damage, and further reduce the number of species of animals and plants continues. The research teams of many countries study objective reasons, and there was invented symbols of this problem – Red and Black books, but the existence of many species is still under threat or disappeared completely. The reason for this disaster is people, or rather their business activity. Technological progress is the main enemy of all life on Earth. Such an unequivocal conclusion was made by scientists. Or rather, not progress by itself, but the ways in that humanity move treading everything on its way. 

According to the Head of UNEP Achim Steiner, the rate of species extinction is accelerating, and almost a thousand times greater than forecasts. In the next 50 years from surface of the Earth will disappear over 30% of current species of animals and plants. Scientists ascertain that many species of plants, animals, birds and insects disappear from the face of our planet 1,000 times faster than it must be in natural way. This means that we are losing from 10 to 130 species every day. Definitely, it is an occasion to think about each inhabitant of the planet, because the loss of individual species will inevitably lead to global environmental problems, threatening the stability of the whole ecosystem of the Earth.

A bit of historical facts

In this animal extinction essay I will describe the problem of extinction of flora, which occurs under the influence of human activity. The rate of extinction of animals and birds will increase, according to ecologists. A few centuries ago, the fauna of Europe was richer and diverse. However, if there is justification for the fact that economic activity of people for the most part is vital, then purposeful and wanton killing of animals has no justification.

For example, in Africa the mass extermination of animals began in the XVIII century, when the Dutch who inhabited the southern part of the continent, began to move north. The first victims became zebras. The colonists quickly realized that the Zebra is easy prey. They used their meat and did bags for food and water from their skins. Over time, the Africans thought that there are too much zebras, and they began to slay them. Now in Africa, herds of Zebra are very numerous, and one of the most interesting - Zebra-Quagga was exterminated completely. The destruction of the zebras is just one example of the barbaric attitude of people to animals. Such examples are many. Suffice it to say, that on the African continent there are no more than 10% of the animals that lived there before Europeans arrived.  

Perhaps, the most tragic and the most shameful page in the history of man's attitude to animals was written by colonists who migrated to North America from Europe. They destroyed buffalos in horrible ways. They killed buffalos for meat and coats, for the hooves and horns or just for fun and entertainment. By the early twentieth century anywhere in America, there are left almost all buffalos, their number according to rough calculations, was reduced to 1,500 000.

To the above examples of extermination of animals I can add tigers and lions, leopards and cheetahs, beavers, sables, wild horses, camels, kangaroos, tapirs and many other species of animals and birds - this list will be long: from the beginning of the modern age there are completely destroyed about 350 species. People forgot that animals have rights, and the first is right to life. You can even read persuasive essay on animal rights and to make sure. And also if you want the best writing services, try to order it on our website. 

Causes of animal extinction

  1. Radical changes in animal habitats. From the beginning of human history people in their business activities didn’t regret anything: they cut down forests, drained swamps, plowed fallow land, changed river flows, was created reservoir. This radically affects the survival of species that are beginning slowly but surely get close to the edge of extinction. The examples are not far to seek. We all know about such powerful anthropogenic impact on the environment as dams of hydroelectric power plants. Gas- and oil pipelines blocked migration routes for deer, and they died near those pipes. They had great difficulty with that bridges which were thrown over the pipe specifically for them. Saiga antelope drowned in a freshly dug irrigation channels. This list goes on.
  2. Poaching. People never loved them. Now the representatives of this ancient profession have access to all funds that a helpful progress provides. Wild beasts and fish can't fight against them.
  3. The destruction in order to protect agricultural products. This is the verdict to all the animals and insects who wanted to try of the labor of human hands. The existence of many species endangered by intensive use in agriculture of chemical fertilizers and insecticides.

Currently on Earth live at least several hundred species of mammals and birds, on the verge of extinction. The next generation of people will be able to see these animals only in photos or in movies, if immediate action will be not taken.

The number of animals decreases not only due to direct destruction, but also due to the deterioration of environmental conditions in the territories and habitats. Anthropogenic changes in the landscape adversely affect the conditions of existence of most species. Deforestations, plowing of steppes, draining of wetlands, flow regulation, pollution of rivers, lakes and seas - all of it taken together hinder the normal life of wild animals and lead to a decrease of their numbers, even if the hunt will be banned. I hope that in this extinction of animals essay I conveyed the necessary information and everyone will think about this issue.