Gender Equality Essay: Evolution of Gender Roles

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Current gender equality essay reflects the idea that previously, men and women were treated unequally, although the situation has been gradually changing since the inception of feminist movements and the on-going struggle of women for the equality of rights. Just like other gender inequality essays, the current paper focuses on the inequality in the perception of individuals on the basis of their gender, which can be explained by the differences in gender roles formed during the centuries. Similarly to the existing gender equality essays, the following essay on gender inequality will provide the basic ideas regarding such issues as gender discrimination, equality of rights, social inequality and others.

  • In our opinion, any gender equality essay paper should start from a definition of the concept of gender inequality. As stated above, gender inequality means unequal treatment of individuals on the basis of their gender. This phenomenon has existed for centuries, and only in the recent times, the situation has started to change. Nowadays, women have more rights in most countries of the world. Some women even occupy the leading positions in the society. Current equal rights essay is focused on the perception of women at home, in the workplace and in other sectors of social life. We will start the current gender inequality essay from the description of natural differences between men and women, which influence the perception and treatment of women in the society.
  • First of all, the natural distinctive features of females and males are based on biological factors and the differences in reproductive functions. Biological differences between men and women include different brain structure as well as hormonal differences. The two sexes also differ in physical characteristics and physical strength. All this leads to an assumption that because men are more powerful and strong, unequal treatment of women comes as a natural phenomenon. It is not surprising that women have long been treated unequally because of their inherently different function and role in various spheres of social life. Thus, natural differences between the two genders influence the perception of women in the society, which is one of the key ideas, which present social inequality essay is based on. 
  • Just like any other inequality essay, the current paper will investigate the issue of job stratification and consequently the problem of income disparity between men and women. This issue is closely related to the discrimination at the workplace when equally competent and qualified workers who perform the same functions at the workplace receive different amount of wages. This especially concerns women who are often underestimated in the working environment. The present essay on gender equality will further explain why there is income disparity between the sexes even in today’s society, when gender roles have changed. Available essays on gender equality that can be found in online resources generally reflect the idea that income disparity can be explained by stereotypes existing in the society in terms of the perception that women cannot achieve the same level of quality in their work as men. Income inequality also depends on the job characteristics. It is suggested that women can only achieve success in low-income positions as they do not have enough qualification for high-status jobs.
  • We will further analyze when and why the gender roles have changed. For instance, in mid-1960s, only five percent of students enrolled in career programs were females, while in mid-1980s, the situation has changed dramatically, with 40% of women being enrolled in medical and law schools. At the same time, another 30% of females were enrolled in professional programs in business and dentistry schools. Gradually, women started to penetrate the business sphere occupying the senior positions in various companies. This change has led to the delay of marriage among women for the sake of career growth. Women have gradually started to pursue high educational degrees and get promoted in the professional sphere. Nowadays, many women are treated equally regardless of their gender. They achieve success in technological and scientific spheres and occupy the leading positions in the society.
  • Another issue to be to be discussed in the current paper is the gender roles in marriage and parenting. It is suggested by the psychologists that biological characteristics define gender identity because every person identifies him/herself with either of their parents. Some people agree with such an assumption, while others argue that gender identity is not entirely defined by biological characteristics, but rather by the interactions with one or another caregiver. Thus, it can be assumed that gender roles are developed through the process of identification during childhood. Parents interact with children differently depending on their gender. This makes children acquire different values and develop different character traits based on the norms of their gender. Besides, a significant role in the formation of gender norms is played by one’s education. It is claimed that fathers establish the course of their daughter’s future life more than anyone else. Therefore, the gender inequality can also be seen in parenting as well, because mothers and fathers clearly perform different functions in the upbringing of their children.
  • Furthermore, there is a need to investigate the issue of gender differences in the sphere of interpersonal relationships. Gender equality in interpersonal relations has been evolving over the past decades, although the majority of relations are still based on the power of men. Even in the current environment when gender roles have clearly changed, men and women are divided according to gender boundaries. Various studies reveal that the relationships between men and women are greatly influenced by the attitude of men to their counterparts. It is widely accepted that intelligence is rather a masculine feature, than a female one. Therefore, men continue to play a leading role in the relationships with women. Such a distinction affects the relations between a wife and a husband in their marriage and consequently influences the methods used in children upbringing.

To sum up, gender roles continue to evolve and change. Today, social inequality can be observed only in a limited range of countries across the world. In many states, women have long achieved equality of rights occupying high-status positions in the society. This leads to an assumption that gender roles have clearly changed but it is still questionable whether the on-going equality of rights is beneficial for the modern society.

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