Asthma Essay: Take a Breath!


We don’t want, but unfortunately, sometimes we get sick. We can be ill in different ways. Someone is sick with a high temperature, someone is sick with a fever; someone coughs with a "whistling" in the chest and with a shortness of breath, someone is characterized by frequent bronchitis, and someone can be sick with pneumonia. And often in such situations we feel lost, nervous, call the doctor and use strong medicine. When we recover we sigh with relief and think it will never happen again. But the disease overtakes again.... And how important is not to lose time, time to understand the situation, correct diagnosis, to treat in time and correctly.  Because of such usual symptoms and diagnoses there is can be a complex and controversial disease like asthma. This asthma essay is about this disease. This and many other essays you can find on our website.

Now scientists can't give a precise definition of what asthma is. But if we take into account different points of view, we can give the following definition: it is a chronic inflammation of the airways in which there is shortness of breath and a cough that often develop into asthma. It happens due to the fact that airways are extremely sensitive and they start to react to anything. They begin to narrow and produce mucus, which does not pass air when a person is breathing. Bronchial asthma is observed both children and adults, but this illness manifests children more often. Now about 300 million people suffer from this disease and the number is constantly increasing. Due to the large spread of disease people are suffering and their efficiency is reduced. There are many global and national programs that combat with this disease. The UK is providing a million pounds to fight this disease. By the initiative of the World Health Organization annually May 4th is world day against bronchial asthma.  

The first signs of asthma

Due to the chronic inflammation, the lungs of sick people become sensitive to tobacco smoke, chemicals, and other allergens. A successful treatment of asthma is very often determined by the timely detection of the disease. In this essay on asthma, we present you early signs of the disease which include the following symptoms:

  1. Shortness of breath or suffocation. An asthma attack can happen during physical exertion or during sleep at night. It is affected by air pollution, dust, tobacco smoke, pollen, etc.;
  2. Cough. A dry cough is considered a typical asthmatic attack. Along with this comes shortness of breath. Patients behave as they want to cough up something, but can’t;
  3. Frequent shallow breathing with a prolonged exhalation. During an attack of bronchial asthma patients complain about difficulty of breathing as it impossible to do of a full exhalation, which becomes lengthy and requires great effort for its implementation;
  4. People breathe with wheezing. Patients always have a dry wheezing.
  5. The characteristic position of the patient during the attack. In medicine, this position is called orthopnea. Patients sit and pull legs down. They hold on tight the bed. Such position helps them to cough and exhale.

The first signal of increased bronchial reactivity may be only some of the typical symptoms of asthma. These symptoms may appear for a short time, and then don’t bother humans at all. Only in time, the symptoms become a progressive course. It is important not to miss the moment when it seems that it ended and will not happen again and to go to the doctor, no matter what was the number and duration of attacks.

The causes of asthma

Sometimes asthma is accompanied by inflammation and allergy, and sometimes can be provoked an asthmatic attack. Each patient is individual. For example, someone can be allergic to strong odors such as tobacco smoke, household chemicals, soaps, perfumes, exhaust gasses, etc. There are some other reasons:

  1. Genetic predisposition. People who are suffering from bronchial asthma have an increased risk that their children will have this disease.
  2. Chronic bronchitis and infection. Viral and bacterial pathogens that are caused by an inflammatory process in the bronchial mucosa may cause an increasing reactivity of their smooth muscle components. The evidence of this is the cases of bronchial asthma that are occurring against the background of bronchitis.
  3. The quality of the inhaled air and ecological environment. Residents of countries with a dry climate and rural population hurt much less than people of industrial regions and countries with a humid and cold climate.
  4. Smoking, as a cause of asthma. The systematic inhalation of tobacco smoke leads to inflammatory changes in the mucous membrane. Therefore, every smoker is ill with chronic bronchitis.
  5. Asthma from dust. Scientists recorded the causal link exactly from a room dust as the occurrence of asthma. The fact is that indoor dust is the natural environment for the habitat of dust mites.
  6. Medicaments. Culprits of bronchial asthma sometimes can be medicaments. It can be aspirin and any funds from a number of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories.

How to treat asthma?

Treatment for this condition is the exact step-by-step process that every phase and stage of illness should be accompanied by appropriate adjustments to the plan of remedial measures. Only such approach will help in the rational use of financial funds with a minimum amount of side effects. You need to follow a certain diet. This contributes to the treatment. This is one of the key elements in the fight against asthma. Because this disease is immune-allergic by nature, so the diet involves appropriate adjustment of the food according to the type of hypoallergenic. When a timely diagnosis, a lifestyle and proper treatments are installed, the disease might never be repeated, although there remains a tendency to its manifestation. There are cases when classical asthma may occur only once or twice in life. It all depends on the type of allergen and frequency of contact with it. As you know: “It is better to prevent disease than to treat it”. It fully pertains to bronchial asthma.  

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