Essay on Diabetes: Take Care of Your Organism!

In: Popular topics

According to the statistics, every 11th person in the world has diabetes, though the medical scientists are sure that it is not the limit. It is expected that by end of 2030 every 10th inhabitant of our planet will suffer from diabetes. The investigations show that the number of patients, who turn to the doctors with such a problem, has already risen from 108 million people in 1980 to nearly 423 million in 2014. Not everybody understands that this disease is very dangerous. It had three forms: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Each of these forms is a serious disease.

More than 4 million people die from this increasing problem annually and the predictions don’t bring any hope. My essay on diabetes will cover all the truth about the disease, which is troubling so many people.

Diabetes Mellitus, which is better known to us as simply diabetes, is a chronic disease, which occurs when it becomes too difficult for the organism to regulate the amount of dissolved sugar, or glucose, and it remains high enough. This happens because the pancreas stops producing the needed amount of hormone, which helps to regulate blood sugar. This hormone’s name is insulin and it the only conductor, which helps glucose to go from blood right to every cell of the human organs. If its amount is not enough, glucose doesn’t achieve the cells at all, and our bodies don’t receive this element, which is extremely important for staying alive.

What Is Glucose?

Why is it so necessary for our organism to get glucose?

Our body consists of tissues and cells, which can’t sustain their life without getting enough food. Glucose is the very food, which helps our organism to stay alive and work properly. The blood stream brings glucose to the cells, which don’t move throughout our body, but are fixed in their own places. What does happen to the cells if they stop getting glucose at all? Cells simply die when they don’t receive enough food.  

As people eat food and not glucose in its pure form, it is a task of the organism to transform the products that we eat into sugar. The process of food digestion plays the main part in this scheme. Having being transformed, glucose enters the blood stream and after that the cells have an opportunity to get it.

The fact that glucose enters the blood stream gives no guarantee that this component will reach the tissues and cells then. The glucose’s penetration is impossible without a special hormone, which is called insulin. If insulin is presented in the blood, the cells can absorb glucose easily. When glucose is absorbed by the cells, the level of sugar in the blood starts decreasing. Glucose is a good fuel for the cells, while insulin is the bridge between the cells and glucose.

How does insulin appear in our blood? Where does it come from and how to maintain its amount high enough? The pancreas, which is one of the main organs in the digestive system, produces the extra necessary hormones: insulin, stomatostatin, glucagon, and pancreatic polypeptide, which enter the blood then. Insulin is produced and enters the blood stream to make the level of glucose less.

Eat Rationally!

What food do you prefer to eat? Can’t you imagine your life without the sweets and chocolate? If you are still sure that the products, which you consume, don’t influence your health, this myth of yours should be destroyed as soon as possible. The concentration of glucose in your blood depends on food you eat. Such foods as sweets break down into glucose more than quickly, while the digestion of fruits, vegetables, oatmeal and some other products is a much more slow and complicated process. If you swallow sweets or other confectionery products, glucose level rises in a wink and the body should produce insulin as quickly as possible or there is a risk that the level of your blood sugar will become too high. It is very harmful for our organism. Insulin makes the glucose concentration decrease, though not everything is so easy. While the level of glucose may rise and fall very quickly, the level of insulin can’t be changed so rapidly. Let’s imagine that you eat a sweet and the level of glucose begins to increase quickly. Then insulin starts releasing by the pancreas and glucose enters the cells.  What does happen to such a big quantity of insulin? It remains in the blood for a certain period of time. A high amount of insulin provokes a feeling of hunger again. If you eat more useful food such as fruits, porridges, beans, or bread, your organism doesn’t suffer from stress. The doctors beg to reduce the amounts of sweets!

The problems with insulin production or with its fulfilling the necessary functions lead to diabetes’ developing.

What are the main symptoms of the earliest stage of diabetes, which one may notice?  If you start feeling that you begin to have:

  • too frequent urination;
  • increased thirst;
  • higher than usual hunger,

you should know that these symptoms may be the indicators that you are at the risk group too.

Be Healthy, Wealthy and Wise!

You should know that it is much easier to prevent diabetes than to keep to the diets till the end of your life and control your blood sugar thoroughly. Lead a healthy way of life, be active, don’t sit all day long and do the exercises, eat healthy food and vitamins and you will never suffer from any forms of this terrible disease, which may lead to blindness kidney failure, and even death.

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