Essay on Terrorism. Safety Deficiency Syndrome

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Writing essays about terrorism is always a complicated task, as long as it is extremely hard to separate the facts from indignation naturally coming to mind, when thinking about countless innocent victims of someone’s political frustration. The most challenging and crucial point of working on such topic is not to turn the professional international terrorism essay into too much emotional and too little objective scared and outraged reign of terror essay full mourning and abhorrence, but unfortunately, lacking the impartial analysis of what’s going on in our world. So, let us have a look at what the international terrorism is, what goals it pursues and why the whole civilized society in the XXI century world is suffering from global national safety deficiency syndrome outbreak.

What is Terrorism Essay. Anatomy of Terror

Actually, the XXI century terrorism is almost unique and grotesque phenomenon that enables relatively small groups of religious and political extremists such as Jundallah, Al-Qaeda and ISIS to deprive the population of civilized democratic countries of one of the basic human need – feeling of safety, security of body and property. So how does it happen that year after year the Governments of the global major states with almost unlimited internal security resources appear to be helpless in defending the population of their countries against the fear implanted into public consciousness by guerilla war style terrorist attacks? To understand the key point in here, let us first deal with definitions.  

Although being among the most acute global problems, the concept of terrorism still does not have a clear definition in international law. However, there are three integral elements common for all terrorism definitions employed by national legislations of most European and North-American States:

  • The fact of violent crime commission;
  • Intentions and motive of the offenders aimed at creating fear among the general public, intimidation of civilians, etc.;
  • Number of perpetrators;

One of the most suitable terrorism definitions is given by the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), according to which terrorism may be defined as the use of violence or force against persons and property in breach of the criminal legislation for the purpose of intimidation, coercion and ransom. Indeed, the words 'terrorist', 'terrorism', ‘terroristic’ are all derivatives of the word ‘terror’, which suits the best to denote both the essence of terrorism itself as social and political phenomenon, as well as the means used by terrorists to affect the governments and the global society in general.

Probably the ugliest, but the most distinctive feature of terrorism is the way the terroristic groups choose their targets. Most terroristic attacks are aimed against civilians, where the terrorists set themselves a goal to reap the longest death tolls possible. Such attacks almost immediately receive wide media coverage, which unintentionally helps in reaching the ultimate goal of terrorist group: inculcating the feeling that no one can be secure neither at home, nor at office, at the school, at the shopping mall and even in subway train. The growing panic enable terrorists’ political, social and religious (often ridiculous) demands to be heard, giving them the levers of influence on the society. Christopher Hitchens wrote: “Terrorism is the tactic of demanding the impossible, and demanding it at gunpoint.”    

Caught in a Crossfire. Is the War on Terrorism a Real Ultimate Cure?

The terrorism may be compared to cancer tumor in the body of our world, damaging immune system of society, raising panic, disturbing our style of life and everyday activities. However, the ‘cancer cells’ aren’t the only ones responsible for the unfortunate outcomes. After almost every major terrorist act, the population of the affected country is being caught in the crossfire due to the paraneoplastic syndrome of governmental reaction. Terroristic threat is often exploited by national governments to harden the legislation, adopt legislative acts significantly limiting civil rights and liberties and justify the episodes of military aggression.

The international war on terror started after events of 9/11 received the intense criticism regarding its ethical, economical and efficiency issues. The concept of ‘War on Terror’ itself is often referred to as a misnomer, as long as unlike War on Drugs and War on Poverty it implies fighting against faceless unidentifiable enemy. Besides that, many war on terrorism essays often include the sharp criticism aimed against the idea of fighting on international terrorism through military means, which is often compared to trying to extinguish the forest fire with gasoline.

Causes of Terrorism. Social Injustice or Psychopathic Tendencies?

The question ‘Why?’ is probably the first thing that comes to mind, when watching another news report on terrorist bombing, shooting, hijacking or hostage taking. The causes of terrorism has long been the topic of controversial discussion. Some experts attempted to establish the correlation between the terrorist threat and the level of poverty, however, the major statistical researches disproved the hypothesis regarding the indirect relation between the level of national income per capita and the level of terrorist threat.  

In general, among the most common causes of terrorism are:

  • Ethno-nationalism;
  • Alienation and discrimination;
  • Religious fanaticism; and
  • Social, economic and political injustice.

Nevertheless, even if to put aside the economic and political factors, there are still many questions on terrorism that are still left without answer. What makes a person able to cold-bloodedly prepare for terrorist attack? What does such person feel? And, which is the most important, why do they do what they do?   

Although, according to the published researches, most terrorists do not fall into specific clinical and diagnostic psychiatric group, the experts define a number of personal abnormalities common for most members of terroristic formations. 

  1. Most terrorists possess the psychopathic personality with high levels of indirect aggression and several symptoms typical for narcissistic personality disorder.
  2. Other distinctive features are lack of empathy, egocentrism, unreasonably elevated self-esteem.
  3. Most terrorists also tend to develop overvalued ideas of paranoid nature.  

On their way towards violent actions, terrorists usually pass several stages:

Loss of social connection → Opposition to society → Exposal to social pressure → Frustration à Striving for leadership ‘in despite of ill-wishers’ → Revenge upon society for denial.

So, to sum up, terrorism is a major problem associated with imminent threat to our society and the way of life brought forth by both sociopolitical and psychological factors. Currently, counteraction on terrorism is one of the top priorities of national governments and international organizations, however day by day we keep listening to more and more horrifying news from TV-screens and radio stations. After all, as Jonathan Powell once said, "Terrorism seems to be the ugly twin of democracy. We need to learn to live with it because we are vulnerable to it."

P.S. In the view of such mournful events, it’s especially important not to augment fear and panic and keep living the usual life full of joy and fun. Be sure that essay paper writing service offered by our website will help you to enjoy your free time for all it is worth.