The Theory of Evolution in Charles Darwin Essay
Many theories have been broken in the question of human origins and a lot of scientists who believed that everything had happened by evolution violently attacked those who didn’t share their opinion. Perhaps the truth as always is in the middle, and now I would like to dwell on the biography of the man in this Charles Darwin essay who gave the name to the science which is called Darwinism.
How it all began
Charles Darwin was born on 12 Feb 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His family was considered as aristocratic because the mother of the future great scientist, naturalist and traveler was descended from a noble family of the owners of the porcelain factory. When his tenderly beloved mother died young Charles was sent to his older sister Caroline who took care of his education. In the same year, the boy went to school, but tuition was rather modest as noted the teacher. Darwin himself was not a better opinion of his classes and spoke about the school very dismissive. Around this time there inside 'woke up' the naturalist talent. Today there is known not a lot about the childhood of Darwin. You can try to analyze his personality and to make a tentative conclusion that he was a quiet child who was more inclined to books than to mischief, but there are any evidences of this as well as denials. In 1825 Charles entered the Edinburgh University that was famous for its rigorous entrance examination. The young man studied medicine, but it didn't attract him. Surgical experiments seemed to him cruel and he had a keen interest in materialism. Since 1827 Charles started to delve into the science and made his first discoveries. Around this time strict father of Charles became aware that he was not studying medicine and he forced him to enter a prestigious school in Cambridge. Father wanted to see Charles the priest and he began training for admission to Cambridge.
In 1818 he came back, but until that period he spent time not so much with books, but doing things typical for boys of his age, such as horseback riding and hunting. There is a famous funny incident which is described by Darwin in one of his papers. So at that time when he was diligently studying theology, Charles went for a walk in the woods and saw two rare beetles. He was immediately caught them, but suddenly saw a third who looked even more outlandish than other. Charles could not miss such a treasure. His hands were full and he didn’t know where to put beetles. Then he put one of them in his mouth, but it sprayed some kind of protective fluid on the tongue of the future scientist. Bewildered Darwin spat out the beetle and simultaneously let others go. So one of the greatest discoveries perhaps didn’t take place in entomology.
In 1831 Charles graduated from the University. It was one of those graduates, whose knowledge was satisfactory, but nothing special was represented. Darwin was lucky – he was helped to find a favorite work in life. Soon after graduation, he was approached by the Professor of botany who has previously noticed a tendency of Charles to the nature study. Charles was offered to become a member of the expedition in South America. Darwin gladly accepted this offer. The expedition started on the ship "Beagle" in 1831 and lasted more than 5 years. Researchers visited such countries as Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and the Galapagos Islands. On the voyage, Darwin had faithfully fulfilled the duties of the expedition naturalist, thoroughly researched the flora and fauna of those territories which were visited during the expedition. Charles has amassed a large collection of fossils and minerals, stuffed animals and made several herbaria. The conduct of the expedition was recorded in detail in the diary of Darwin. This diary was subsequently very useful when he was writing scientific papers.
In October 1836 the journey was over. Darwin now had a huge collected material, and he decided to focus on his treatment. That work was lasted 20 years. Soon he issued a travel diary which has become a very popular book in the wider circles of society.
In 1839 Darwin married. His wife was Miss Emma Wedgwood that was a cousin of Charles. He was gradually weakened and his body was more and more captured with the disease. In 1842 Darwin decided to get away from the bustle of the city and moved to the newly acquired estate. In 1859 Darwin published his most famous book "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection". It was scandalous. At that time, it was assumed that the Earth and all life on it were created as it was described in the Bible. Darwin stated that nature has evolved over millions of years. Despite this, the book was very successful.
At the end of life, he got rich thanks to the popularity of numerous books. The more money he made, the more he allocated them to the needs of science. As for the awards, however, the scientist was treated indifferently.
On 19 April 1882, Charles Robert Darwin died.
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The theory of evolution of Charles Darwin
The history and origin of the human species for centuries fascinated scientists and many ordinary people. At all times it was put forward various theories. However, the most popular and generally accepted theory of anthropogenesis and the origin of species, in general, is the theory of the origin of species of Charles Darwin. Today in Charles Darwin theory of evolution essay we will discuss the basic principles of this theory and the history of its origin. The whole point of the theory of Darwin's origin of species is the set of provisions that are logical, may be tested experimentally and confirmed by facts. Here are these provisions:
- Any kind of living organisms includes a huge range of individual genetic variation, which may vary morphological, physiological, behavioral and in any other signs. This variability can be continuous or discontinuous, quantitative or qualitative in nature, but exist at any point in time. To find two individuals that would be absolutely identical to all effects and purposes is impossible.
- Any living organism has the ability to increase the population quickly. There can be no exceptions to the rule that organic beings reproduce in progression and one pair could cover the offspring of the entire planet.
- For any kind of animals, there are only limited resources for living. For this reason, a large production of individuals must serve as a catalyst of the struggle for existence, or between members of the same species, or between different types or conditions of existence. The struggle for existence according to Darwin's theory includes a struggle for any kind of life and a struggle for ensuring the successful offspring.
- In the struggle for existence is able to survive and successfully produce offspring only the most adapted individuals.
- Natural selection is a process of survival and preferential reproduction of the fittest members of the population.
- As applied to isolated species in various conditions of life, natural selection leads to the divergence of their characteristics and ultimately to the formation of a new species.
Social Darwinism essay shows that the evolutionary theory of Darwin is a holistic doctrine of the historical development of the organic world. It covers a wide range of problems most important of that are evidence of evolution, an identification the driving forces of evolution, a determination of the ways and regularities of an evolutionary process.
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