Agents Of Socialization Essay. What Is Important?


Socialization is a process that lasts continuously throughout life. Agents of socialization are people, groups, institutions that carry out socialization. In this agents of socialization essay, I will describe this process. If you need essays on any topics ask essay writer online to help you. Visit our website and look through the information about our team, prices and services. Our service was created especially for you. We are looking forward to seeing you among our happy customers.

So, there is one more definition of socialization. Socialization – it is a bilateral process that involves two components: the assimilation of social experience and transformation in its own orientations, attitudes, values. This is evidence that people do not just passively accept that society offers.

Types of socialization

Scientists divide socialization into two stages: “primary socialization” and “secondary socialization”. Primary socialization is “the first socialization that an individual undergoes in childhood through which he becomes a member of society”. Primary environment is not only the closest to human, but essential for its formation. Primary socialization occurs in the first half of life and is the area of interpersonal relations. Secondary socialization is “every process when already socialized individual enters new sectors of the objective world of his society”. Secondary socialization takes place in the second half of life, when a person is faced with formal organizations and institutions that have a strong influence on him in the age of reason, covers the sphere of social relations. It is very difficult to determine exactly when “primary” ends and starts “secondary” socialization. Russian sociologist Albert Kravchenko suggested the following method for the determination of this boundary. The attainment of independence such as political (getting a passport, the right to vote), social (family) and economic (employment) – this is the boundary between two phases of socialization.

Agents of socialization

We have reviewed and understood what socialization is, and now let's find out what kinds of agents of socialization exist. The process of socialization takes place not by itself, but with outside help. This help is carried out by people and institutions. They are called agents of socialization. Depending on the separation of “primary” and “secondary” socialization there is the difference between agents:

  1. The primary agents of socialization – parents, relatives, babysitters, family friends, peers, teachers, etc.;
  2. The agents of secondary socialization - the representatives of school administration, university, companies, the army, the police, churches, States, parties, court, employees of television, radio, print, etc.

Agents of primary socialization

Primary socialization is associated with the immediate environment of person; its role is the greatest in the early stages of life. Primary agents of socialization are those who associated with human personal relationships. The agents of primary socialization are versatile and perform many different functions. Different agents of primary socialization play different roles and have a different status. (In relation to the child, who is undergoing socialization, parents are in a superior position and the same age children are equal to him). The functions of the agents of primary socialization are generic and therefore interchangeable. Among the agents of primary socialization, a special role is played by the parents and friends of the same age. Parents want their child to be like adults, and he or she learns to be a child from peers. Parents punish him or her for wrong decisions, misconduct, a violation of moral principles, standards of behavior, and peers are either indifferent or endorse them for mistakes. Peers serve an important function: facilitate the transition from child dependency to adulthood, teach to be a leader, to achieve dominance over others, i.e. For parents it is difficult to teach. Parents often consider peers of their children as competitors in the struggle for influence in the socialization process of their children.

Family as an agent of socialization

The family is the most important agent of socialization, as it is the first and closest social environment of the child, which is part of a broader social environment and bears its imprint. With the help of family, the child gets into society. The family forms the primary social identity of the individual. The social status of the parents determines the social status of the child during the first 20 years of his life. The profession of parents determines the educational and cultural level of the family. In the family, the child must learn rules of behavior in society and communicate with other people, with sex role stereotypes and there is the process of sexual identification.

The reasons for the growth of depression in adolescents are associated with many factors, among them financial troubles of the family, and conflict relations in the family and with others, and genetic predisposition. The development of this disease of adolescents can lead to a tragic outcome – suicide.

Sport as an agent of socialization

Sport as an agent of socialization has a positive influence on the formation of physically and spiritually healthy person. Sport disciplines a person, generates willpower and purposefulness, and it is key to the health of mental activity of human, vivacity and cheerfulness. 

The school as an agent of socialization

The school as an agent of socialization is fundamentally different from a family because it is emotionally neutral environment where the child is treated as not only beloved, but objectively, in accordance with his real qualities. In school, the child learns on practice what is competition, success and failure, learn to overcome difficulties, or give up every time when can’t do something. There is developing self-esteem of the child in the school socialization period, which in many cases remains with a child for life. If the child establishes oneself wrong in the group of peer, he or she can be pressed. You might have already read about it in the essay about peer pressure.

The Internet as an agent of socialization

The Internet as an agent of youth socialization has the strongest impact on identity and on its moral condition: a virtual world, into which the young man gets, gives him more freedom to express his emotions, feelings, attitudes, moods,  and overcoming various internal and external conflicts that arise in real life, in family relationships, relationships with their peers.

Agents of secondary socialization

Secondary socialization is associated with the indirect or formal environment and consists of the influences of agencies and institutions; its role is the greatest in the later stages of life. Agents of secondary socialization are those who associated with a person by formal business relationship. Agents of secondary socialization influence in the narrow direction and perform one or two functions. A contact with agents of secondary socialization occurs less often and its impact is usually less deep than the impact of the primary agents of socialization. Functions of agents of secondary socialization are specialized, so that they do not replace each other. Each of the social groups can give in the process of socialization only that it is trained or socialized itself. Among the agents of secondary socialization, a special role belongs to mass media, primarily television. Their impact on all population groups is enormous: under the influence of the media in a short time there is may occur a revolution in mass consciousness, a collapse of the system of values and ideological stereotypes that are implementing in this consciousness. I advise you to read the argumentative essay on social media

Socialization at work

People, who grow in the spirit of independence and independence of judgment often experience difficulties because of the need visibly show signs of obedience at work. People, who value creativity, are often bad performers and good performers often suffer from the lack of initiative.

So in this essay about agents of socialization, we figured out what is it and how it helps in life.