Alcohol Essay: Causes, Symptoms And Stages Of Alcoholism


People made and drank alcohol many centuries ago. The problem of alcohol abuse is one of the most ancient and widespread in the world. Mankind tries to fight it during the hundreds of years and thousands of essays on alcohol, alcohol addiction essays and alcoholism essays are already written. There are a lot of methods of alternative medicine that promise to fight alcohol addiction, but only few of them are efficient and it always depends on a case and on a person. So in this alcoholism essay we are going to tell you what alcoholism is, and what its causes, symptoms and stages.

What is alcoholism?

Today one of the most popular products is alcohol. Strong drinks of all kinds and brands are consumed by the vast majority of modern people, and everyone one way or another drinks alcohol. The difference is in the kinds of drinks, causes for drinking and frequency of consumption.

Any alcohol drink contains some portion of ethanol (it is signed on the bottle), or ethanol with the chemical formula C2H5(OH). Ethanol is a strong neuroparalytic poison, which disturbs human nervous system functioning and damages all the groups of internal organs of those, who drink alcohol. People of their own free will consume poison with and without any reason. And very often non-normalized consumption of alcoholic products leads to dangerous for physical and mental health disease – alcoholism.

Alcoholism (or alcohol use disorder) is a mental illness, excessive alcohol consumption. As a result of constant alcohol intoxication human wealth worsens, operability, well-being and moral values decrease. Alcoholism is also characterized by the fact that an individual becomes alcohol addicted. So when there is no alcohol, the body suffers, and to ease the suffering an alcoholic drinks again and again. Alcoholism does not match with the healthy style of life.

Human genes and life style influence the risk of development of alcoholism. Alcoholism is a chronic disease that may last during the entire life. If the disease is diagnosed and cured at the early stages, there is a high chance to recover completely and to avoid serious complications. Chronic alcohol abuse increases the risk of serious health problems, such as liver diseases, hypertension, heart diseases, stroke, cancer (especially esophageal cancer, oral and throat cancer), and also pancreatitis.

Liver damaging leads to such symptoms as hunger, weakness, headache, tremor, and even coma (in serious cases).

Alcohol is universal poison, which causes the collapse of all the systems and organs. A person loses the sense of measure and control over the alcohol consumption. As a result central nervous system is damaged and it leads to psychoses and neuritis.

Ethanol is an obligatory component of any alcoholic beverage. Ethanol itself is a highly toxic poison. So it does not matter whether you drink low-alcohol or strong drink, ethanol has a detrimental effect on the internal organs of the body. Moreover alcohol causes addiction that leads to such a disease as alcoholism.

Causes of alcoholism

One of the most common causes of alcoholism is low standard of living. First of all this is severe living conditions, poor nutrition, lack of cultural entertainment and just a hopelessness. These are the reasons of alcoholism. However there is regularity among modern developed countries that alcoholism increases at the same time with the growth of economic well-being.

Alcoholism is a soul illness first of all. The worries of the soul are the starting point of the drunkenness. And the soul worries begin with the realizing of absolute loneliness. The period of neuroses, phobias, affects usually comes before alcoholism. A person finds the way out in an alcohol. All he needs is to drink and all the problems disappear. A person feels comfortable and no longer lonely. But then the crapulence brings him back to the real world. And the reality makes him feel ashamed, he feels miserable and wants to return to that illusory world. Such a state is called alcohol depression.

Signs and symptoms of alcoholism

As we have already mentioned that almost every modern person at least occasionally drinks alcohol. Of course, it does not mean that everyone is alcoholics. The main difference between healthy man and alcoholic is addiction, first psychological addiction, and then physical.

The external signs of the disease are the following:

  • the low level of social well-being caused by the absence of desire or possibility to earn money;
  • the drunken periods (unsystematic alcohol consumption for more that one calendar day);
  • there is no vomiting when a person drinks large doses of alcohol;
  • decrease receptivity to ethyl alcohol;
  • withdrawal syndromes (a hangover, in other words);
  • external pathologies (skin aging, increase in the volume of veins and small bruises because of microscopic damages of capillaries).

Alcohol addicted people are almost always in a state of alcohol intoxication, they lose their social value and their own world view. The speech of the alcoholics becomes incoherent and incomprehensible because of the damage of nerve tissue at the cellular level and because of disordered muscle dysmotility. Very often alcoholism leads to the oncology of the organs of the digestive tract, liver cirrhosis or liver cancer, and cardiovascular diseases, which often lead to death.

Stages of alcoholism

Modern medicine admits that alcoholism is a disease that has 4 stages. Alcoholism of the third and the forth stages can not be cured without special medical help. Having crossed this line, an individual can not refuse drinking alcohol on his own.

1st stage of alcoholism

This stage is characterized by the weak psychological dependence. When a person does not have an access to alcohol drinks, the dependence may disappear. But if there is a chance to buy a doze of ethanol, a person will definitely do it.

On this stage if you attract a person’s attention with something else, dependence will disappear completely in a short period of time. However, if this will not be done, the alcohol abuse becomes more frequent and dependence gets stronger.

2nd stage of alcoholism

The 2nd stage is characterized by the obsessive desire to drink alcohol. Psychological dependence becomes constant. Even when a person works or does something else, he always thinks about the moment when he gets another dose of alcohol. He often lives waiting for this moment.

The alcohol dose becomes bigger and the body does not react on it with natural sickness as it should be. Alcohol drinks become a usual part of the life.

3rd stage of alcoholism

The abstinence syndrome develops on this stage. Psychological dependence becomes physical. An individual can not stop drinking already.

Also so-called “tolerance to alcohol plateau” appears. It means that the dose of ethanol that a person can take without vomiting increases several times higher than safety dose. A person copes with a hangover by drinking another dose of alcohol, and it becomes a vicious circle. The whole body suffers; there are pathological changes in the nervous tissue, the liver begins to regenerate slowly into connective tissue what may lead to cirrhosis.

If a person stops to drink forcibly, there are symptoms that remind drug abstinence syndrome. The alcoholic’s behaviour becomes unpredictable and often aggressive.

4th stage of alcoholism

This stage is characterized by almost complete dysfunction of many vital organs. An individual loses any interest to the social life, his only and the main concern is how to get another dose of ethanol. Physical addiction becomes so strong, that in case of forced deprivation of the patient of an alcohol, he may even die. The 4th stage in 95% of cases leads to death from a brain haemorrhage or heart attack.

Alcoholism statistics

Alcoholism statistics shows that young men become alcohol addicted faster than the grown ups. Teenagers become completely addicted in 2-3 years if they start to abuse alcohol at the age of 15-18 years. 12-14-year-old children become addicted in less than a year.

Alcoholism as a disease has a universal scale long ago. Unfortunately still there is no effective way to fight it. There is only a hope that in the nearest future the medicine will find the method to remove the craving for alcohol, this merciless killer that destroys everything on its way.

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