Artificial Intelligence Essay: What To Expect?


Some time ago people could read about existence of artificial intelligence only in the science fiction books. Today technology has reached incredibly high level and artificial intelligence is already fact of reality. Every day scientists work on improvement of artificial intelligence technology and they have achieved great results. But there is no limit to perfection and scientists still have a lot to do, because the main goal is to make artificial intelligence as close to human mind as possible. So in this essay on artificial intelligence we will try to figure out what it is and what its goals are.

What is artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence can be defined as scientific discipline that deals with the modeling of intelligent behavior. But this definition has one serious drawback – the notion “intelligence” is very hard to explain. Most of people are sure that they can differ “intelligent behaviour” when they face it. However anyone can hardly give definition to intelligence, specific enough for evaluation of intelligent computer program, and at the same time this definition should reflect viability and complexity of human mind.

So the problem of artificial intelligence definition is the problem of defining what intelligence is in general. Whether it is something common, or whether the term unites a set of abilities of different kind? To what extent intelligence can be created? What is creativity and creation? What is intuition? How nerve tissues of live beings can be recreated in intelligent devices? Is it possible to achieve reasonableness via computer technology or intelligence is the feature of biological beings only?

There are no answers for these questions yet. But they all helped to form objectives and methodology that became the basis of modern artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence is the means and a test model for intelligence theories. These theories can be formulated in the language of computer programs, and then they can be tested.

For these reasons the definition of intelligence, which was given at the beginning of the essay, does not give exact characteristic for this field of science. It only sets new questions and open paradoxes. However his problem of searching of the artificial intelligence definition is quite clear and can be explained. The study of artificial intelligence is young enough discipline, and its structure, range of questions and methods are not so clearly defined, as in more mature sciences, for example, physics.

Artificial intelligence is called to extend the abilities of computer sciences. One of the main goals that researchers have is to maintain these efforts with clear theoretical principles.

Any science, including artificial intelligence, deals with certain range of problems and develops approaches to solve them. The history of artificial intelligence, stories about the personalities and their hypotheses, which formed the basis of this science, probably can explain why some problems dominate in this field and why certain methods, that we have today, were used to solve them.

What artificial intelligence systems can do in the next two years.

1. Artificial intelligence can pass the Turing test.

About 50 years ago Allan Turing created his famous test, which essence is to define abilities of a machine to think. The test procedure is the following: a man interacts with a computer and another man. Basing on the responses to questions the man must define whom he talks to – a man or a computer program. The computer program task is to mislead the man and to force him to make a false choice

Experts and futurologists suggest that in the next three years artificial intelligence systems will be able to pass this test. This suggestion is based on Moore's law that the number of transistors on a circuit increases exponentially every 24 months. So estimated number of operations performed by microprocessor should imitate a human behaviour so that it will be possible to pass Turing test.

2. All five human senses will become a part of interaction with computer.

Today our “communication” with computer is implemented by our vision and hearing. Experts-futurologists claim that touch and smell will play an important role in the interaction with artificial intelligence. With the help of these senses computer systems will get additional information.

For us, ordinary computer users, it means that our interaction with computer will be deeper due to the involvement of the full range of our senses. Devices that can transfer and read the smells already exist. In London's City University a prototype device Scentee, which generates certain smells, is created.

In 2008 Nokia company presented smartphone concept, which was equipped with sensors that perceive not only light, sound, but also touch and smell. At the moment researchers at the University of York and Warwick create virtual reality helmet Virtual Cocoon. This helmet can transfer taste and smell with the help of special chemical substances. The substances will be injected directly into the mouth and nose. The developments have not been introduced into the mass consumer sector yet, but it is expected that virtual reality helmets will become widespread in 2016.

3. Help in global problems solving: the fight against terrorism, and global climate change.

Artificial intelligence will change completely approach to solving such problems as climate change management, education, research and discovery, energy sources management and solution of the most complex social problems.

Artificial intelligence technologies are already being implemented by governments to prevent terrorist activity. One of the examples of this technology is passage control at the airport, which allows to determine the presence of weapons in a hand luggage. The technology is constantly developed and in the future such systems will be used to process data to identify the terrorist threat.

4. Medicine and health care revolution.

Today we all enjoy the benefits of modern diagnostics of medical data. In fact computer, magnetic resonance and positron emission tomography completely rely on digital processing techniques.

Further the influence of artificial intelligence will only increase. Such systems will be used for conducting clinical tests, robotic surgery, radiology reading data and analysis of genetic sequences.

5. Artificial intelligence will become a part of our life in physical and virtual world.

Artificial intelligence systems in the next three years will be integrated in everything that surrounds us. Combining sensors and network, all systems will be “smart”. Artificial intelligence will make systems transparent, and will also make every system element easy to use.

The rapid development of this field will begin after completion of the brain function decoding (brain mapping). There is National project in the sphere of brain mapping called CoBrain, and it is planned to establish 10 centers of nanotechnology development until 2018 that will unite more than 40 different laboratories. It all will ensure interdisciplinary research and will help to collect information into a single knowledge base.

Artificial intelligence is not able yet to produce or recognize human emotions. But scientists work hard to develop such ability in artificial intelligence devices. Emotions are one of the most complicated aspects of human mind, so there can be written a lot of essays on emotional intelligence, because this issue is very extensive. As you can see artificial intelligence is very complex subject and a lot of things can be said about it and discussed.

I hoped this short essay on artificial intelligence gave you an idea what it is. If you look for more interesting essays visit our website. You can also get help on essay writing. Do not hesitate and contact our team for more details!