Essay On Autism. Pay Your Attention


Autism means that a person develops in a different way, has problems with communication and interaction with others and has unusual behaviors such as: repetitive movement or enthusiasm for very unusual interests. However, this is only the clinical definition, and it is not the most important thing you need to know about autism.

So... what we must know about autism? There are a lot of misconceptions and important facts which people are not even aware, and a few universal truths that always get ignored when disability is involved. So let's list them in this essay about autism. But first take a look at our website. A lot of useful options will be at your service day and night!

History of disease

To better understand the problem of autism, it is necessary to consider history of development of the condition. In real history in the 18th century appeared medical texts that contain descriptions of people who probably had Asperger's syndrome (although the term was not used). Such people did not speak, was extremely reclusive and had an unusually good memory. The first description of autism as a syndrome was mentioned by the American child psychiatrist Leo Kanner in his article “Autistic disturbances of affective contact” published in 1943. L. Kanner described the General characteristics of the 11 children whom he has been observed from for 7 years. All of these children had common features. The main were an excessive insulation, isolation, avoiding any contact with people with disorders of speech development and the need for multiple repetitions of the same actions and monotony and each of these features was observed in the first year of a child's life. Kanner called this an "early infantile autism". This term was acquitted in the 1940-1950 years, when neither Kanner nor other researchers could not predict the future of these children and did not know about the causes, symptoms, types of autism. Now common diagnosis of "autism" is applicable to person of any age. So now from essays on autism you know that Kanner was the first who insisted that the children about whom he wrote represent a unique subgroup of a large troupe of children, who were diagnosed with child schizophrenia in the past. In 2000 it was believed that the prevalence of autism ranges from 5 to 26 cases per 10,000 child population. In 2005, more than 250-300 infants had an average of one case of autism: this is more common than deafness and blindness, Down’s syndrome, diabetes or oncological diseases in childhood. According to the world organization of autism, in 2008, there was 1 case of autism accounts for 150 children. In ten years the number of children with autism will increase 10 times. It is believed that the upward trend will continue in the future.

Symptoms and signs of autism

Typically, parents begin to worry about the development of their child when his age is close to two years. Before any delays and deviations can be explained by the individual characteristics of the baby and it is hoped that they are gradually smoothed out. The two-year same age child usually possesses elementary skills, but even when it doesn’t happen, he still knows what he want from adults. It's the same with language: if he doesn’t say himself, he understands the speech that is addressed to him pretty well, as is evidenced by his reactions. In order to recognize autism in a child you need to observe his behavior carefully, to fix unusual for children of the same age manifestations. Of course, the challenge is primarily of the parents.

In a broad sense, autism is a group of diseases with some common symptoms. In this autism essay we list them:

  1. A speech disorder. A part of autistic children is not talking at all; others lag far behind their peers in speech development. Children less than 12 months don’t walk, can emit the same sounds, in 2 years they have a very poor vocabulary, to 3 years they are almost not able to combine words. Autistic people talk about themselves in the third person, use personal pronouns.
  2. The lack of emotional contact with people, primarily with their parents. Kids with autism don't look at people’s eyes; don’t want to the parents hands, don’t smile. Autistic people often resist attempts by parents to hold them, to caress. The behavior of such children is similar to deaf or blind: they don’t distinguish parents from other people, don’t notice that they were by someone called.
  3. Problems in socialization. In the midst of others, a child with autism is experiencing severe discomfort but with the anxiety. These kids can run and hide if someone actively turned to them. They do not know how to play with their peers; they are unable to build friendships because they don’t understand emotions of others, the rules of games. Autistic people prefer to stay alone; it protects them from strong feelings about the inability to communicate.
  4. Attacks of aggression. Any breakdown, failure may cause a child's temper tantrum, provoke hysteria, physical attack. Aggression in autistic children can be directed at others and at themselves.
  5. Weak interest in toys. A child with autism doesn't know how to play different objects, cars, dolls. They have a poorly developed abstract thinking.

Every case is individual: children with autism may have all of these symptoms and may manifest only some features of behavior and speech. There are more mild forms of the disease in which autistics graduate from school, work, start a family. Such cases are common in the USA and in the West, where autism is recognized in a timely manner.

Treatment of children’s autism is a long, difficult, complex process, draining both psychologically and physically. Parents of such children should prepare for the fact that the disease will be long and not necessarily successful. Medicaments in the treatment of autism are useless. They can however stop the associated symptoms. Social adaptation and psychiatry are the main methods of treatment of autism.

Given the steady rise in autism worldwide, modern parents should be extremely attentive to the behavior of their little children. If they have any suspicions on children with autism, they have to as soon as possible to consult specialists and to undertake the necessary testing and laboratory research.

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