Essay on Human Trafficking: Causes and Effects


Human trafficking is an essential part of legalized prostitution. It has become one of the most critical problems of today’s society. Current human trafficking argumentative essay will explore the basic issues related to human trafficking including its causes and effects. Just like all essays on human trafficking, current paper will discuss the prevalence of the problem as well as the means of solving it. The following essay on human trafficking will give details as for what to expect from the government and various organizations that are trying to fight against modern-day slavery. The human trafficking essay presented below will also explain what categories of people belong to the most vulnerable groups that are under a threat of becoming victims of human slavery. Similarly to other human trafficking essays, the following paper will provide a few recommendations on how to deal with the problem of human trafficking.

When we think about slavery, we usually imagine the pictures from ancient Rome and Greece as well as modern-day America and various other countries where human slavery is flourishing. It is widely known that slavery in its different forms has existed for centuries. Human trafficking can be regarded as a modern form of slavery that not all people are aware of. Human trafficking is considered the third most serious crime around the world after illegal trade of drugs and weapon. The number of victims of human trafficking equals to over 20 million people a year, while the business itself is known to gain large profits amounting to nearly $40 billion. Such statistics proves that human trafficking helps slave owners to generate huge amounts of profit, and therefore, this business is highly difficult to eradicate.

How are migrants misled into human trafficking? In fact, most of them go abroad in the hope of living a better life with better payment for their labor. Women and young girls are especially vulnerable and can easily become victims of human or sex trafficking being forced to get involved in illegal labor and sexual exploitation. This can be explained by the fact that women are paid low salaries in their home countries and are eager to go abroad to earn more money. Human trafficking might also result in organ removal carried out in some of the African and Asian countries. Therefore, human trafficking remains an urgent problem that is to be solved at all costs. Slave owners promise their victims a better future, better paid jobs and better conditions of labor. As a result, the victims easily get into a trap and become sexual or labor slaves who are threatened with violence and physical abuse to make sure they comply with the rules established by the criminals.

 How does legalized prostitution affect human trafficking? The available data shows that the countries where prostitution has been made legal have higher rates of human trafficking due to the ease with which criminals can lure their victims into sexual exploitation. It is therefore evident that the legalization of prostitution has resulted in much higher rates of sexual exploitation and the greatest share of modern-day slaves is comprised of trafficked women and girls. In some European countries like Sweden, the government has criminalized the purchase of sexual services, while in other countries like Germany; the sex labor business has been broadly legalized. Each of these countries makes attempts to combat human trafficking, and legalization of prostitution is blamed by them for making this struggle especially difficult. This is due to the fact that in many countries of the world, any criminal behavior requires evidence. But in case prostitution is legalized, it becomes harder to detect criminal activity along with the instances of human trafficking. It becomes easier to hide trafficked women in the crowd. The police should have legal grounds for capturing criminals, and it is especially difficult to find well-grounded evidence in case of human trafficking.

What are the means of combating human trafficking? As stated above, the first and foremost way to combat human trafficking is to ban prostitution in the countries where it has been legalized. Governments of the states are responsible for controlling the markets and services provided. Human trafficking is among the problems that the governments of all countries should tackle. Imagine a woman faced with the choice between a minimal salary at some low-income position and higher income at a high-status position. This woman will definitely choose the latter. However, not all women achieve this goal. High percentage of such women finds themselves in a situation where instead of occupying a high-status position they are forced to provide sexual services abroad. Some people might argue that this is their choice, but in most cases, the victims of human trafficking do not have any other options.

Therefore, governments and various volunteering organizations are trying to eradicate the problem of human trafficking or at least mitigate it by detecting more and more cases of illegal activity in different countries of the world. Stricter regulation and control are likely to make it harder for criminals to hide the trafficked women and children. Stricter regulation of the cases of tax evasion would also be efficient in tackling the problem of human trafficking, while checking the criminal past of the employers will further decrease the magnitude of modern-day slavery. It is also important to provide better protection to the most vulnerable groups of the society to reduce the rates of human trafficking. Elaborated prosecution of human traffickers would help to further decrease its rates. At the same time, the countries all over the world should implement stricter anti-trafficking laws and regulations that will help to fight against human trafficking.

To conclude, if proper measures are taken, the problem of human trafficking can be largely mitigated, if not eradicated completely. Governments of all countries should be aware of this problem and try to take effective measures by establishing better collaboration between lawmakers and prosecutors. At the same time, the potential victims of human trafficking should also be cautious regarding the dangers of going abroad in pursuit of better life. It is also vital to remember that legalization of prostitution and human trafficking go hand in hand, leading to serious consequences and posing a threat to social security.

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